ALICE NEEL in den Deichtorhallen

von 21. Oktober 2017 0 Permalink 14
Porträt von Jackie Curtis und Ritta Redd

Alice Neel, eine der bedeutendsten amerikanischen Malerinnen des 20. Jahrhunderts, war Zeugin einer Welt im Wandel, die sie in ihren ausdrucksstarken, psychologisch tiefgründigen Bildern festgehalten hat. Mit ihrem einfühlsamen Blick und virtuosen malerischen Können dringt Neel zum Kern der Person vor.

Alice Neel with lots of Paintings, 1940

In ihrem Frühwerk zeigt sich die Verbindung zum deutschen Expressionismus und zur Neuen Sachlichkeit, während ihr Spätwerk sie zur einflussreichsten Porträtistin der zweiten Hälfte des 20. Jahrhunderts macht.


Ergänzt durch Stillleben und Stadtansichten zeigt die Ausstellung erstmals in Deutschland einen umfassenden Überblick über das Schaffen dieser Ausnahmekünstlerin. Ihr Hauptwerk entstand in ihrer New Yorker Nachbarschaft, in Greenwich Village, Spanish Harlem und schließlich an der Upper West Side.

Alice Neel hat zahlreiche Mitglieder der Kulturszene New Yorks gemalt, unter anderem den Pop-Art-Künstler Andy Warhol, der dieses Bildnis als das beste von ihm je geschaffene bezeichnete. Darüber hinaus porträtierte sie Familienmitglieder, Freunde, Nachbarn oder zufällige Bekanntschaften. Neels Aufmerksamkeit galt aber gleichermaßen den Unterprivilegierten, den Armen und Diskriminierten.

Sie führte ein äußerst bewegtes Leben als alleinerziehende Mutter und Mitglied der New Yorker Künstlerszene, – sie engagierte sich Zeit ihres Lebens politisch, sympathisierte mit dem Kommunismus und wurde zum Symbol der Frauenrechtsbewegung.

Mit einem besonderen Feingefühl gelang es ihr immer, den Zeitgeist einer Epoche einzufangen. Das Porträt von Jackie Curtis und Ritta Redd – eines ihrer bekanntesten – fängt in einzigartiger Weise das freie Leben der Mitglieder von Andy Warhols Factory ein.

Die Ausstellung in den Deichtorhallen zeigt frühe Arbeiten aus dem Jahr bis hin zu Werken aus dem Todesjahr der Künstlerin.

Unsere Gastbloggerin Irene Mantel hat sich in New York die Ausstellung mit Arbeiten von Alice Neel in der Gallery David Zwirner angesehen. 

Alice Neel Uptown              

It shows works by the artist made during her five decades of living and working in upper Manhattan. In 1938 Alice Neel made her home in Spanish (East) Harlem,and, later, in the Upper West Side just south of Harlem, where she lived from 1962 until her death in 1984. This show, curated by Hilton Als, triggered memories in me.

I remember Alice Neel as she walked erect and slowly through the elegant halls of the Rudolf Steiner School, the Waldorf School, in Manhattan. I was teaching there when her four granddaughters attended this school.  Her two sons attended a generation earlier. Alice would not miss the annual school fairs, where she sketched the visitors in appreciation for the scholarships her sons were receiving. She could often be seen by the side of her son Richard’s wife Nancy.
When in 1980 the gallery across the narrow street from Steiner High School on East 78th Street displayed the nude self-portrait in its window, I, as a 26 year old teacher of German and art history,  was in awe. My students’  jaws dropped too. They giggled in embarrassment at its candor. It was breathtakingly daring and liberating. Her oldest granddaughter Olivia, in 7th grade at that time was already on the road to becoming a philosopher-scientist and was keeping her classmates on their toes with her polemical inquiries.

1980 Self Portrait, Oil on Canvas, 54 x 40 inches / 137.2 x 101.6 cm, National Portrait Gallery, Washington, D.C.

Later I lived down the street from Neel’s old rambling apartment where she had painted in the light-filled front room. It is a shrine today; access is granted only through the family. One still feels Neel’s presence. The furnishings that inhabited her paintings are left untouched. This is 300 W 107th Street, a few doors up from where I lived. I still follow Alice when I can.

Now on to the expansive Zwirner Galleries on East 19th Street between 10th and 11th Avenues. A number of  Neel’s personal possessions are displayed in neat vitrines at Zwirner: a well-read copy of Lenin, an autographed book by W. E. B. Du Bois, a handwritten letter to Fidel Castro asking permission to paint him in person, and some of her poems that are odes to Harlem. Her powerful paintings, with Hilton Als’ accompanying commentary, line the walls.

Alice Neel showed her passion for Spanish Harlem and its residents by painting dignified African American and Latina mothers and their children. She painted artists, actors, poets, writers, the local boys and girls, every-day people, and the social activists. She lived as a white woman among people of color.  Neel was always ahead of her time. Even in the late 70s when I moved to New York City to teach, we were told not to cross 96th Street on the East side.
Here is a striking ballet dancer seen at Zwirner drawn in sensuous lines whose body looks as if it can just fold into itself.

Alice Neel, “Ballet Dancer” (1950) (© The Estate of Alice Neel, courtesy David Zwirner, New York/London)

You’ll also find drawings of the boy Georgie Arce whom she made the subject of portraits between 1950 to 1959 in oil and drawings. He went on errands for her and is shown in several drawings.  
In the 40s and early 50s she befriended left wing activists. The social critic and academic  Harold Cruse is seen in a sensitive, pensive portrait at Zwirner painted before he published “The Crisis of the Negro Intellectual.”  This book is still on the syllabus of university students in NY today. The activist, playwright and actress Alice Childress,  the first black woman to win a Tony nomination, appears in a gorgeous portrait.  

Alice Neel, Harold Cruse (c. 1950). © The Estate of Alice Neel. Courtesy David Zwirner, New York/London and Victoria Miro, London.

Neel paints her sitters with confident brushstrokes, a gorgeous sense of color, often with an interest in unusual garb, and an ease that sets aglow a celebratory spirit.

A number of Neel’s personal possessions are displayed in neat glass cases at Zwirner: a well-read copy of Lenin, an autographed book by W. E. B. Du Bois, a handwritten letter to Fidel Castro asking permission to paint him in person, some of her poems that are odes to Harlem.

Alice Neel, Building in Harlem, ca. 1945. Oil on canvas. 34 × 24 1/8 inches. © The Estate of Alice Neel. 

Her poems pay tribute to her love for the Barrio.

I love you Harlem

Your life your frequent

Women, your relief lines

Outside the bank, full

Of women who no dress

In Saks 5th Ave would

Fit, teeth missing, weary,

Out of shape, little black

Arms around their necks

Cling to their skirts

All the wear and worry

Of struggle on their faces

What a treasure of goodness

And life shambles

Thru the streets

Abandoned, despised,

Charged the most, given

The worst

I love you for electing

Marcaronio, and for him being what he is

And for the rich deep vein

Of human feeling buried

Under your fire engines,

Your poverty and your loves


ALICE NEEL, Fondation Vincent van Gogh Arles 4.3.–17.9.2017
HALLE FÜR AKTUELLE KUNST, Deichtorhallen Hamburg bis zum 14. Januar 2018

Alice Neel, The Spanish Family, 1943 © Estate of Alice Neel. Photo: Malcolm Varon, NYC. Aus der Ausstellung ALICE NEEL − PAINTER OF MODERN LIFE, 13. Oktober 2016 − 14. Januar 2017 in der Halle für aktuelle Kunst.
Alice Neel -Painter of Modern Life
Bildband, 240 Seiten, Hrsg. Jeremy Lewison, Texte von Bice Curiger, Petra Gördüren, Jeremy Lewison, Laura Stamps, Annamari Vänskä
Erschienen bei Hatje Cantz.

Bisher keine Kommentare.

Kommentar verfassen

Deine E-Mail-Adresse wird nicht veröffentlicht. Erforderliche Felder sind mit * markiert.